Tag Archive for troy

Greek Mythology: The Iliad, Day 3

Goals for the Week:

  1. Understand the mythology of the Trojan War.
  2. Understand the plot and characters of Homer’s Iliad.
  3. Complete the Iliad Character Research Prompt.

Today’s Checklist:

  1. Understand Hector’s death in The Iliad
  2. Consider various interpretations of Hector’s death scene in various media.
  3. Prepare for tomorrow’s Zoom meeting!

Your assignment for this week!

This week you will:

Today’s Lesson!

Standard:

  • ELAGSE9-10RL7 Analyze the representation of a subject or a key scene in two different artistic mediums (e.g., Auden’s poem “Musée de Beaux Arts” and Breughel’s painting Landscape with the Fall of Icarus), including what is emphasized or absent in each treatment.

Learning Target: 

I can consider various interpretations Hector’s death scene from The Iliad so that I can analyze the importance of his death and why some versions change specific details.

Activator: 

Take a look at this painting! Use the OPTIC chart below the painting to analyze what’s going on here. You can click on the picture to open it up full size.

Achilles Slays Hector by Peter Paul Rubens

Fill in this chart (recreate it on your own paper) with your observations:

Overview: What do you see in this picture? What is your overall impression?
Parts: What different parts of the picture do you see? Consider characters, foreground, background, frame, etc.
Title: What is the title of this painting? How does the title relate to what is going on in the painting?
Interrelationships: How do the parts and title relate to the overall picture? Why are some things in the background? Why is there an owl flying around?
Conclusions: What conclusions can you draw from this painting?

Work Session: 

First, let’s read the full text of Hector’s death scene from The Iliad. This is about 14 pages long (but some of the pages have big pictures, don’t panic!) so I’ll draw your attention to an important quote:

Don’t talk to me of pacts.
There are no binding oaths between men and lions –
Wolves and lambs can enjoy no meeting of the minds –
They are all bent on hating each other to the death.
So with you and me. No love between us. No truce
Till one or the other falls and gluts with blood
Ares who hacks at men behind his rawhide shield.

Achilles says this to Hector as they prepare to enter into one-on-one combat. Hector has asked Achilles if the winner of the fight will promise to return the loser’s body to their family, and Achilles says absolutely not. This is kind of a low thing for Achilles to say – it’s VERY taboo and inappropriate for a winner of a fight to destroy or desecrate the loser’s corpse.

Of course, Achilles does win the fight, and after it’s over, he ties Hector’s body to his chariot and drags it around on the ground, which is a real jerk move. But Achilles is still SO ANGRY over his bestie Patroclus’s death, he clearly isn’t thinking straight.

After reading the original, let’s check out the same scene from the 2004 movie, Troy:

What is different in these two versions? Why do you think the filmmakers chose to change Hector’s death scene so radically?

Closing Session:

Take a minute to consider your feelings about Hector’s death and how Achilles killed him. You could argue this is the climax of the story, so it’s a very important part.

Respond: Describe your reaction to Achilles’s treatment of Hector after Hector’s death.

Don’t forget! We have a Zoom meeting to discuss The Iliad tomorrow at 11am! Look for the link from your teacher at 10:45ish!

Looking Ahead: Tomorrow’s Checklist

  1. Participate in a Zoom meeting with your teachers and classmates.
  2. Discuss your reactions to and understanding of The Iliad
  3. Complete this week’s character research assignment and prepare for The Odyssey next week!

Greek Mythology: The Iliad Day 2

Goals for the Week:

  1. Understand the mythology of the Trojan War.
  2. Understand the plot and characters of Homer’s Iliad.
  3. Complete the Iliad Character Research Prompt.

Today’s Checklist:

  1. Understand the plot of Homer’s Iliad
  2. Consider what’s history and what’s mythology
  3. Begin to grapple with the language of Homer

Your assignment for this week!

This week you will:

Today’s Lesson!

Standard:

  • ELAGSE9-10RL2 Determine a theme or central idea of text and closely analyze its development over the course of the text, including how it emerges and is shaped and refined by specific details; provide an objective summary of the text.

Learning Target: 

I can understand a broad overview of The Iliad by reading summaries of the text so that I can look more in-depth at the most important parts of the text.

Activator: 

Let’s start today by talking about history!

So, whenever I teach The Iliad, the first question my students as is “Did this really happen?” and the answer is….well…maybe kinda?

It depends on what you’re asking.

  • Did a guy named Achilles really exist? ¯\_(ツ)_/¯
  • Did the city of Troy really exist? yes!
  • Was there a Trojan War like Homer described it? There was probably a war, but we don’t know if it was like Homer described.
  • Was there a Trojan Horse? ¯\_(ツ)_/¯

We have a lot more questions than answers. But one thing we do know is where Troy is supposed to have been:

For more info on what’s history and what’s mythology, read this article, “The Fall of Troy: The Legend and The Facts”. And you can check out this short TedEd video on the archaeological pursuits to find Troy!

Work Session: 

The goal today is for you to get a basic understanding of the plot of The Iliad. To do that, I’m going to give you a few resources to look into. Choose one to read. The others? Give them a cursory glance. Skim them. At least look at the pictures.

Closing Session:

Let’s sum up what happens in The Iliad with a video, shall we? Check out this rendition from CLEAN Classics Summarized on YouTube!

PS – we will have a ZOOM MEETING on Thursday at 11am! This is optional, but we are looking forward to seeing your smiling face on the camera, so please try to come!

Looking Ahead: Tomorrow’s Checklist

  1. Understand Hector’s death in The Iliad
  2. Consider various interpretations of Hector’s death scene in various media.
  3. Prepare for Thursday’s Zoom meeting!

World Lit: Iliad/Troy Essay, Day 1

Standards

  • ELAGSE9-10RL1 Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. Georgia ELA
  • ELAGSE9-10RL3 Analyze how complex characters (e.g., those with multiple or conflicting motivations) develop over the course of a text, interact with other characters, and advance the plot or develop the theme. Georgia ELA
  • ELAGSE9-10RL7 Analyze the representation of a subject or a key scene in two different artistic mediums (e.g., Auden’s poem “Musée de Beaux Arts” and Breughel’s painting Landscape with the Fall of Icarus), including what is emphasized or absent in each treatment. Georgia ELA

Objective
Students will be able to analyze the similarities and differences in the two artistic representations of the Death of Hector we have studied as a class.

Activator

NEW VOCAB!!

  1. Anguish
  2. Bravado
  3. Dauntless
  4. Folly
  5. Illustrious
  6. Rabble
  7. Succor
  8. Vex
  9. Vindictive
  10. Quell

Work Session

The Iliad vs. Troy

Wolfgang Peterson’s 2004 film Troy is a modern retelling of the story of the Trojan War. Homer’s Iliad is the authoritative story of the war, dating back to 700 BC. Although the movie and the book tell the same story, there are many differences between them. Your assignment is to write a 500-word (2 FULL pages) essay analyzing WHY the moviemakers changed parts of the book.

You might consider the following topics:

·       The presence or absence of the gods

·       Hector’s death

·       Patroclus and Achilles’s relationship

·       The portrayal of Bressius

·       Paris and Helen’s relationship

·       Menelaus’s death

Your essay should go beyond simply explaining the differences between the movie and the book. You should attempt to analyze WHY the moviemakers made specific changes to the story, considering what is emphasized or absent in each presentation.

Closer
Trade papers with a friend and give each other some constructive feedback 🙂

Assessment
Summative (Essay)

World Lit: TROY!

Standard: 

  • ELAGSE9-10RL7 Analyze the representation of a subject or a key scene in two different artistic mediums (e.g., Auden’s poem “Musée de Beaux Arts” and Breughel’s painting Landscape with the Fall of Icarus), including what is emphasized or absent in each treatment.

Learning Target: I can analyze a film adaptation of The Iliad and consider its differences from the original text.

Opening Session: I need to collect those permission forms!

Work Session: All day today and tomorrow we are going to watch the movie Troy, which was made in 2004 and directed by Wolfgang Petersen. We will need the entire class period, both days, to get through this epic movie!

Here is the IMDB on the movie:

https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0332452/

Closing Session: Share out! Let’s summarize what we watched today and where that brings us in The Iliad story.

Assessment: Formative (Class discussions)

Differentiation: Process (learning style)

World Lit: The Death of Hector Essay, day 2

Standards

  • ELAGSE9-10RL1 Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. Georgia ELA
  • ELAGSE9-10RL3 Analyze how complex characters (e.g., those with multiple or conflicting motivations) develop over the course of a text, interact with other characters, and advance the plot or develop the theme. Georgia ELA
  • ELAGSE9-10RL7 Analyze the representation of a subject or a key scene in two different artistic mediums (e.g., Auden’s poem “Musée de Beaux Arts” and Breughel’s painting Landscape with the Fall of Icarus), including what is emphasized or absent in each treatment. Georgia ELA

Objective
Students will be able to analyze the similarities and differences in the two artistic representations of the Death of Hector we have studied as a class.

Opening Session
Grab your essay and read over what you wrote yesterday. Consider where you might change or add things, then let’s get to writing!

Work Session

Your goal today is to finish your essay in which you compare and contrast the two Deaths of Hector we have read/watched in class. In a well organized essay of about 500 words, consider the two artistic interpretations of Hector’s death. What was emphasized or absent in each treatment? Why do you think that is? Why did the directors of the movie Troy choose a much different way for Hector to die than what happened in The Iliad?

Your essay should explain the differences in the two scenes AND (more importantly) analyze WHY they are so different.

You’ll have all day in class to work on this. It needs to be turned in by the end of class.

Closing Session
Read your essay out loud to yourself and give it a final proofread, then turn it in!

Assessment
Summative (Essay)

Differentiation
Process (scaffolded essay prompt) Product (varied lengths as needed)