American Lit: Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address


ELA.11-12.RI.1. Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text, including determining where the text leaves matters uncertain. 

ELA.11-12.RI.2. Determine two or more central ideas of a text and analyze their development over the course of the text, including how they interact and build on one another to provide a complex analysis; provide an objective summary of the text.

Learning Target:  I can cite evidence in order to answer questions 

Opening Session: Chalk Talk:  What do you think about the following ideas—The South, Forgiveness, Revenge, Defeat, Submission, Underestimating an Opponent

Work Session: 

Watch Lincoln Clip

Read Abraham Lincoln’s Second Inaugural address

During reading: Be sure to have students annotate the text and use the following questions to ensure that they’ve understood what they’ve read (the text is difficult):

1. What does Lincoln say is different about this inaugural address than the one he gave four years ago? 
The country is in the middle of a civil war. 

2. Why does Lincoln not take time to discuss the current state of war? 

People already know the present situation of the war because it is the most important conflict facing the nation.  Everyone has been following the events. 

3. Discuss the meaning of this quote (line 24): 

Both parties deprecated war, but one of them would make war rather than let the nation survive, and the other would accept war rather than let it perish 

4. Discuss the meaning of this quote (line 64): 

if God wills that it continue until all the wealth piled by the bondsman’s two hundred and fifty years of unrequited toil shall be sunk, and until every drop of blood drawn with the lash shall be paid by another drawn with the sword 

5. Discuss the meaning of this quote (line 71): 

With malice toward none 

After Reading:

Students will complete a multiple choice handout assessing things stated in the texts, central ideas in the text, and the words and phrases used in the texts.

Closing Session:After collecting the papers review the answers to their multiple choice handouts that assessed things stated in the texts, central ideas in the text, and the words and phrases used in the texts.

Assessment: Summative (Selected Response questions)

Differentiation: Scaffolded questions

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